most of our cities, the air is becoming dangerously full of carbon
monoxide and hydrocarbon. These substances are increasing threats to
everyone’s health. To reduce the amount of monoxide and hydrocarbon,
environmental protection groups in the US have proposed ways of limiting
the use of automobiles. One way would be to make people use buses,
trains, subway and other forms of mass transportation rather than
private cars for much of their
travel. It has been proposed that
people be prevented from driving into the central business areas at
least one day a week. It has also been proposed that cars be prevented
from parking on certain streets in the city.
Here are some letters from newspaper readers, each expressing the writer’s opinion of these proposals.
- Just think what would happen in
this city if on any Monday at 8 am, everyone who usually
drives a car decided to use mass transportation and appeared on
the nearest street corner; I think the city would have to
provide almost 4.000 additional sixty passenger buses to carry these
people to their jobs.
Patrick J. Kelly
- Trucks, buses and airplanes are
worse polluters than the average well-kept automobile. But the
individual car owner has no power to protect himself against
government control. Unlike the airplanes and truck and bus
companies, the motorist has no influence, so once again the
individual cannot defend his rights against government control.
Joseph E. Barnes
- What can we do to reduce air
pollution? For one thing, we can forget our love affair with the
automobile and find other means of transportation which may not be
quite as convenient as the auto but would be less expensive and
less harmful to the environment. We may learn to like once we try
it. It may encourage the development of more satisfactory
high-speed mass transportation systems, too. Besides, consider the
benefit to your nerves. You’ll avoid fighting rush-hour traffic
and you’ll have more time to read the newspaper while letting the
bus driver worry about taking you home safely. And think of the
many interesting people you’ll see and meet on the way.
Edward D. Riis
A. Find in the text words or expressions which mean the same as
- the same as (a. quantity/b. suggestions/c. defend)
- the opposite of (a. to increase/b. allowed/c. dangerously)
B. What do the underlined words in the text refer to
C. Which phrases in the text show that
- Life in most US cities is dangerous for people’s health.
- Citizens are unable to protect themselves against government control.
- Relatively well-maintained cars do not pollute the air as much as some other means of transport.
D. Answer the questions
- What are two of the suggestions made by environmentalists to fight pollution?
- Why is Patrick J. Kelly against the use of mass transportation by the individual car owner?
- What two of the advantages of public transportation according to Edward D. Riis?