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 exercice 1 anglais 2 annee bac

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MessageSujet: exercice 1 anglais 2 annee bac    8/11/2012, 11:11

In
most of our cities, the air is becoming dangerously full of carbon
monoxide and hydrocarbon. These substances are increasing threats to
everyone’s health. To reduce the amount of monoxide and hydrocarbon,
environmental protection groups in the US have proposed ways of limiting
the use of automobiles. One way would be to make people use buses,
trains, subway and other forms of mass transportation rather than
private cars for much of their travel. It has been proposed that
people be prevented from driving into the central business areas at
least one day a week. It has also been proposed that cars be prevented
from parking on certain streets in the city.
Here are some letters from newspaper readers, each expressing the writer’s opinion of these proposals.



  • Just think what would happen in
    this city if on any Monday at 8 am, everyone who usually
    drives a car decided to use mass transportation and appeared on
    the nearest street corner; I think the city would have to
    provide almost 4.000 additional sixty passenger buses to carry these
    people to their jobs.

Patrick J. Kelly



  • Trucks, buses and airplanes are
    worse polluters than the average well-kept automobile. But the
    individual car owner has no power to protect himself against
    government control. Unlike the airplanes and truck and bus
    companies, the motorist has no influence, so once again the
    individual cannot defend his rights against government control.

Joseph E. Barnes



  • What can we do to reduce air
    pollution? For one thing, we can forget our love affair with the
    automobile and find other means of transportation which may not be
    quite as convenient as the auto but would be less expensive and
    less harmful to the environment. We may learn to like once we try
    it. It may encourage the development of more satisfactory
    high-speed mass transportation systems, too. Besides, consider the
    benefit to your nerves. You’ll avoid fighting rush-hour traffic
    and you’ll have more time to read the newspaper while letting the
    bus driver worry about taking you home safely. And think of the
    many interesting people you’ll see and meet on the way.

Edward D. Riis

A. Find in the text words or expressions which mean the same as ...



  • the same as (a. quantity/b. suggestions/c. defend)
  • the opposite of (a. to increase/b. allowed/c. dangerously)

B. What do the underlined words in the text refer to?



  • their
  • I

C. Which phrases in the text show that ...



  • Life in most US cities is dangerous for people’s health.
  • Citizens are unable to protect themselves against government control.
  • Relatively well-maintained cars do not pollute the air as much as some other means of transport.

D. Answer the questions.



  • What are two of the suggestions made by environmentalists to fight pollution?
  • Why is Patrick J. Kelly against the use of mass transportation by the individual car owner?
  • What two of the advantages of public transportation according to Edward D. Riis?

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